That’s what the Indians called him because of the dark brown jacket he wore. During the Civil War James Throckmorton served the State of Texas very well. He opposed succession and was one of eight legislators to vote against leaving the Union. Yet when the Civil War began he immediately enlisted. He organized defenses on the frontier, oversaw manning of the forts and, as Confederate Indian Commissioner, negotiated with Indian tribes across the Red River.
Throckmorton was also an advisor to Sam Houston, who sat out the War. The Lincoln government contacted Houston and suggested that he develop armed resistance in Texas, with Lincoln’s support. Throckmorton advised against such a venture, and Houston agreed with him.
He was an important influence in Texas, during the chaotic period following the Civil War. Throckmorton was elected Governor of Texas in 1866 and worked to restore social and economic stability in the State. He clashed with Union General Charles Griffin who was in charge of the Texas sub-district. Griffin was displeased at the slow progress in Texas. Throckmorton did not support the Radical Republicans, so Griffin had him removed from office. Texas was undr military control.
Following the General Amnesty Act of 1872, Throckmorton was elected to Congress where he lobbied for education and expansion of railroads.